Resources to Read:
surplus? Why is there hunger and malnutrition? -- Read this article for
Soil Biology Primer -- This is a must
read for any biologist! It is now "on the web" or can be
purchased for a modest sum in reprint form. It was originally published by
the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service, and within less than a year
was out of print. Most of this primer was written by Dr. Elaine Ingham, who
now owns and operates a company, Soil
Foodweb, Inc., serving many agriculturists, organic growers, and
on Dirt" -- This is an excellent discussion on many aspects of soil
organisms. It is limited in not having the relevant discussion on
brittleness of the environment, which would change some of the discussion on
soil crusts, and also the benefits of having dung beetles (which require a
generous supply of dung).
Agribusiness Research Project -- CARP is a long standing analysis of
effects of corporatization of agriculture in the US. This site has most of
the previous studies and analyses available, and current ones may be
obtained by subscribing (voluntary contribution accepted). This is a rich
resource for student research, and for farmer understanding who is
"for" them and who is exploiting them.
Choice -- This site is an excellent source for current information about
agriculture. Browse it and learn much that affects your food and fiber
Animal Welfare Institute --
This site has standards for welfare of many farm and captive animals that
consider the social lives as well as physical health and safety of animals
confined by humans, primarily for the benefit of humans.
-- Many links selected by Science Magazine, including LTERs and agency webs.
Scientist Links -- A selected set of links for many subjects
of H.O.P.E. ("Hands- On Phenomenal Ecology") -- Great
educational ideas and natural history lessons
Theory (Adobe Acrobat) -- a paper that is a "must read" for
anyone in resource management, and under the age of 70. If you need a pdf
Acrobat file reader, download
Futures -- a way to live (essay by Donella Meadows)
rice trials (Adobe Acrobat) -- 400-500% increases using traditional
varieties without fertilizers or pesticides. Sustainable agriculture and food production increases are
achieved by ecologically sound practices, not imported technology.
of Essex -- Discussion of genetically engineered crops and pros and cons
with respect to sustainable ag.
of Essex -- (Adobe Acrobat) Thirteen examples of sustainable ag
production systems in several countries.
Savory Center for Holistic Management ™-- A website focusing on holistic management.
Everyone in the class is expected to read it. For quality of life, see
"Two Futures" above.
Resource Management of Texas -- A website about what is happening
holistically in Texas, particularly with respect to agriculture.
-- Using livestock as restorative tools, along with collaboration and
economic rewards. Also, check another example.
Earth -- Action group of Christians with study sites and internships in
California and Belize.
Corn Project -- A local group helping the needy feed themselves, and
educating others in the process.
Management -- This site is an example a couple in Wyoming who are
teaching livestock producers to use the principles of Holistic
of Wildlife -- The unity of purpose and common approaches to
ecological agriculture is illustrated by this site. The ecological
services work together, and humans depend on these as much as wildlife.
(Maybe we should consider "humans" as a form of wildlife, equally
susceptible to "domestication" as other forms, which is a
technological form of extinction.)
Environment Organization -- a database of information that currently
focuses on Texas, but is planned to by nation wide.
Group on Erosion, Technology and Concentration in Ag -- This
organization was RAFI (Rural Advancement Foundation International) and has
changed the name. It is an important resource about sustainable agriculture
and Civilization -- This is a page copied from an outstanding site (with
permission) and the link to the site remains.
is sustainable Agriculture? -- An excerpt from a paper by
J. Pretty, 1998. The Living Land. Earthscan, London
of Sustainable Ag in Europe -- Many examples exist of sustainable ag in
the world, these are some in Europe.
of Sustainable Ag in Africa, Asia, Latin America -- A list of 47
examples in many contexts of agriculture.
Farm Bureau -- this was once a strong voice for family farms, but has
drifted into a corporate farm representative. It still masquerades as
representing the family farmers (note the url of www.familyfarmer.org)
but has a minor membership of such farmers, and primarily has been found to
be an insurance company and investment group for a select few. It is with
great disappointment that I have seen this happen, since I once was a county
director of the Texas Farm Bureau, an affiliate of the AFB.
revolutions: Green, Gene, Sustainable --
This link by the
Christian Aid organization addresses the issues of food for poor countries, primarily
justice and biodiversity.
link is to an Editorial in Lancet, a leading medical journal
regarding genetically modified foods.
This link by the British
Medical Association addresses the issues of health from genetically modified foods (Gene
Revolution) in developed countries.
is an analysis by a
pair of the world's leading authorities of resource utilization. We are a long way from
having a sustainable balance between people and food, which must be reconciled sooner or
later. Nature's way is typically starvation or disease of the population that exceeds its
carrying capacity. We have, at least theoretically, an alternative for conscious
management of our own species. The requirements are fundamental, and well understood
theoretically. However, the way to move toward sustainability is controversial, and
generally unknown. The natural process is already in progress.
link is a series of reports and analyses of news media and
government programs that illustrate how "Big Business"
(multinational corporations) influence the use of public money for
special interests and the media fails to protect political freedom with
accurate reporting, the reason for the Constitutional protection
of freedom of the press. Among other issues, it show how ABC's 20/20 and
John Stossel were inaccurately representing organic agriculture to
improve the appearance of agribusiness and industrial agriculture.
link is to a Power Point presentation comparing kinds of food
production systems and sustainability.
Earth Summit +5 -- The international
organization working under the leadership of the UN will be continuing to achieve further
sustainable development in the world. If you do not consider "sustainable
development" to be an oxymoron, then you need to read much of the material of this
site. Many leaders still consider "development" to be developing a consumptive
lifestyle patterned after the US, and this is the international "ship" that
will run the planet into the shoals of the ecosystem -- unless more enlightenment is shed
on the leaders. This is an important international forum, and in my opinion, is a critical
place to begin steering the ship into deeper ecological, social and economic waters.
Redefining Progress --
works with governmental units, from towns to countries and the United Nations to help
redefine what "progress" means. The
Ecological Footprint is
one of the tools they use.
Footprint for Kids -- this link is about a group that tours to schools
and helps students understand the ideas of resource use in an ecologically
Consultants -- this link has several useful components, Life Cycle
Analysis, Eco indicators, Eco Design, etc.
-- This organization, and its web site have a number of interesting examples
of advertising that encourages inappropriate living, assuming that one
wishes to have the planet support life sustainably. The question is,
"Is economic progress killing the planet?" Take a look.
GAP -- Global Action Plan, an
movement to reduce our Ecological Footprint.
Urban Sprawl -- Urban sprawl, along with other
environmentally and socially erosive features of our time, often are paid for by various
governmental subsidies, and thereby from the public tax coffers. Many times the subsidy
was well intentioned, but now are maintained by influential lobbies in the halls of
Congress, the State Legislatures, and even the City Halls.
The Natural Step
-- Part 1 &
Part 2 Gil Friend has written
a two-part description of this approach to avoid destroying our ecological foundations.
"Imagine the following," Robert Gilman writes in the quarterly
journal In Context. "The scientists of an entire nation come to consensus on
the roots of our environmental problems and the most critical avenues for action. The
nation's head of state then gives his endorsement to their consensus report. An
educational packet based on that report is prepared and sent to every household and
school, so that citizens and students can learn the basics of sustainability. Then a
roster of famous artists and celebrities goes on television to promote and celebrate the
birth of this remarkable national project--a project that, in the long run, promises to
completely reorganize the nation's way of life to bring it into alignment with the laws of
"While this scenario may read like a fairy tale, it is already an historical fact.
The name of this project is The Natural Step, the country is Sweden--and the catalyst
behind this remarkable effort is Karl-Henrik Robert."
Ecological Operating Systems -- This site
relates to Gil Friend and Associates company, and some background. This is one of the
leading companies working with industry to reduce the "footprint" of our
technological infrastructure. Also a newsletter written by Gil Friend is
Rocky Mountain Institute -- Amory and Hunter Lovins have
lead the parade to sustainable lifestyles and uses of technology. The RMI is a world
recognized center for development of these ideas. Amory Lovins is the author of "Soft
Energy Paths" and an innovator in composites body vehicles that operate very
efficiently. They co-author a recent book with Paul Hawken, Natural
Capitalism : Creating the Next Industrial Revolution.
Center for Conservation Biology Network -- An excellent
source for information on conservation biology and natural resource management. It
duplicates some of the links in this list, or vice versa.
Forest Conservation -- An "activist" web
site with interesting information and links to loss of forests.
fungi in forest & a
second article -- The soil organisms are vital to forests, and most
perennials in the grasslands also. Many articles are found in this electronic
Union of Concerned Scientists -- An organization of
scientists that gives, in my opinion, information that is relatively unbiased by political
agendas. It originated with a focus of opposing nuclear proliferation and nuclear power
plants. At the time, it was a highly politically "hot" topic, but time has
supported the validity of the early stands based on scientific evidence, or lack of it.
World Resources Institute -- A highly respected site
for global information relating to resources, governmental policies, and population
issues. It is NOT to be confused with The
Worldwatch Institute, however, which publishes well known and highly credible
publications such as "The State of the World" and "Vital Signs."
Native Plant Society
of Texas -- An organization that may be of interest to some of you. Has local information on native
information, and activities related to native plants.
Seedballs -- Check out t his web site! Jim Bones, is
well known naturalist photographer and student of Masanobu Fukuoka,
who wrote The One Straw Revolution and developed the "seedball"
for planting a variety of kinds of seed without cultivation. Also check out the links from
this site. Jay Kane is a local
expert on seedballs who can supply them, teach kids
of all ages how to make them, and
consult with prairie restoration.
Sustainability, Canadian style -- This is
an organization of people dedicated to changing the environmentally disastrous
of Canadian society and government to "deep sustainability". Canada and the US
are similar in their consumptive life styles, but have significantly different
IGC: EcoNet -- An international source
of information, web sites, discussions, news reports on environmental issues.
Santa Fe Institute -- This is a famous mathematical
"think tank" with many theoretical studies on biological systems. This group is
one of the world's leaders in the development of "chaos theory."
Information -- An extensive linked list of information on crops, animals, aquaculture,
you name it. Check the presentation "The Real Economics of Factory Livestock"
by John Ikerd. He has another on factory
Other Environmental Servers -- An Australian site
with many links of interest in natural resource management and sustainability.
Colville Federated Tribes -- A
description about the use of holistic management decision-making and consensus building to
govern a mini-nation
of Choice: A Journal of People, Land, and Money
Managing Wholes) -- Articles on holistic
management in practice
Wilbur Wood writes about HRM
in In Context -- A well known writer on environmental issues in the West gives a
-- a Palo Alto
residential community --
Holistic Management used in this community has found that the hazards of fire can be
avoided by proper use of livestock.
Hart Environmental Data --
A company that works with communities to achieve sustainability with a high quality of
life and healthy economies and ecosystems.
Australian Keyline Farming -- P.A. Yeomans developed
the basis of water management in a watershed in the mid-50's, and it has been further
refined and used in many countries. The principles apply in urban areas as well. Land
managers need to be familiar with this planning approach.
W. Edwards Deming -- A site
at Massachusetts Institute of Technology devoted to works and principles developed by the
father of quality management. The Deming Award was initiated in Japan for any company in
the world with outstanding quality development, analogous to the Nobel Prize.
Ishmael -- A web site
that has discussion about Ishmael by Daniel Quinn; this book is a "must
read" for everyone.
Roofs -- Roof space in urban areas can be used for water collection, and
for growing plants. This site shows how the energy for heating and cooling
is greatly reduced by having soil and plant cover on the roof, as well as
growing food for residents.
-- In many issues of environmental and social significance there are conflicts between
parts of the "story" and the economic interests of many multinational, or even
national, corporations. These large organizations often own controlling stock, have
interlocking boards of directors, or have economic ties through advertising or
sponsorship in the news media. When this happens, there is a conflict of interest between
effective public information supplies, and the economic interests of the media. The
freedom of the press was important enough to be protected by the ?? Amendment to
the US Constitution, but loss of freedom as we see today has no protection. Below are some
examples of the dangers:
New Yorker Magazine -- chemical carcinogens
that we purchase
"A Modest Proposal to Save the
A web site developed and growing by Jay Hanson, who has written
extensively about the implications of our addiction to fossil fuels, and the upcoming
shockwaves. It is an excellent place to spend
time reading and thinking.
-- Local currency is a concept that allows communities to increase the local economic
health, by using local labor, services, and products preferentially. It is a counter force
to the "Wal-Mart Effect" which is a parasite of local economies. Good natural
resource management includes such principles, and sometimes the best actions are possible
only with a healthy local economy. See
Population, Energy Use & Agriculture
-- This paper is well documented and highly informative of the problems
today that are "controversial" but tomorrow will be
"critical" and possibly "catastrophic" if not addressed
effectively in time.
Scott Simmerman, Performance
Management Company -- A great web site, but first check this linked page on teaching
Academic Courses and Research:
Global impacts of nitrogen -- Not only CO2
but Nitrogen is causing global changes. In this instance, Green Revolution Agriculture is
the major culprit, and developing countries are planning massive increases in use of
Agency for Toxic Substances and
Disease Registry -- This site gives massive amounts of information in a searchable
form on the topics of it's name. It is a valuable resource in the management of natural
resources, particularly in the regulatory or consulting contexts.